Corporate Governance Statement
Risks and risk management
Capital adequacy management
Internal Audit

Corporate Governance Statement 

Taaleri’s corporate governance is based on the laws of Finland and the company’s Articles of Association. The company complies with the rules, regulations, and guidelines for listed companies issued by Nasdaq Helsinki Ltd and the Finnish Financial Supervisory Authority as well as the Finnish Corporate Governance Code 2020 published by the Securities Market Association.

The auditing firm of Ernst & Young Oy has verified that the statement has been issued and that the general description of internal audit and risk management systems associated with the financial reporting process conforms to the same in financial statements.

The code is available on the Securities Market Association website

Taaleri’s Corporate Governance Statement referred to in the Corporate Governance Code. 

Risks and risk management

The task of risk management is to identify, assess, measure, treat and control risks in all Taaleri Group’s businesses that influence the realization of the Group’s strategic and operative goals, as well as to oversee compliance with that the principles approved by the Taaleri Plc Board of Directors.

Risk management aims to mitigate the likelihood of unforeseeable risks being realized, and their influence on and the threat they present to Taaleri Group’s business operations. Risk management supports achievement of strategic goals by promoting better utilization of opportunities in all activities and more efficient distribution of risk-taking capacity to the different functions and projects within the defined risk appetite framework.

Taaleri Group’s risks are divided into five main categories: strategic and business risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, market risk and operational risk (including compliance risk). In addition, Taaleri follows the development of political risks. The principles of Taaleri's risk and capital adequacy management are described in note 38 to the 2019 financial statements.

The risk capacity of the Taaleri Group consists of a properly optimized capital structure, profitability of business operations and qualitative factors, including good corporate governance, internal control, and proactive risk and capital adequacy management. Taaleri Group’s attitude towards risk-taking is based on careful consideration of an adequate risk/return relationship. Taaleri Plc’s Board of Directors has decided that the Group may not in its activities take a risk that jeopardizes the target level set for the company’s own funds. 

Segment-specific risks

The main risks of Taaleri’s Wealth Management segment consist mainly of operational risks and, to a slight extent, credit risks. The result of the Wealth Management segment is influenced by the development of assets under management, which depends on the progress of the private equity funds’ projects and the development of the capital markets. The profit development is also influenced by the realization of performance fee and commission income tied to the success of investment operations. On the other hand, private equity fund management fees are based on long-term contracts that bring in a steady cash flow.

The insurance and investment activities carried out by Garantia Insurance Company are central to Taaleri's risk position. The main risks associated with Garantia’s business operations are credit risks arising from guaranty op-erations, and the market risk regarding investment assets. Garantia’s capital adequacy is strong and its risk position has remained stable. 

The Energia segment’s objective is to channel assets under management to renewable energy production projects and to other energy projects supporting sustainability. The goal is to internationalize and expand the Energia segment’s business operations considerably, which naturally increase risks relating to the growth and internationalization of the operations. The Energia segment’s earnings are impacted by its success in finding suitable projects, its ability to identify all risks related to renewable energy’s international development, construction, financing and operations, and its success in the internationalization of its operations. The Energia segment’s earnings are also affected by the success of its own investments in energy projects.

The most significant risks of the Other Operations consist primarily of private investments and financing granted by Taaleri Investments Ltd as well as of credit risks related to Taaleri Plc’s granted loans and receivables from credit institutions. The Other Operations’ returns consist of the fair value changes in investments and of profits/losses gained in connection with the sales of its investments. The earnings and result of the Other Operations may thus vary significantly between periods under review.

Taaleri falls within the sphere of regulation of large customer risks defined in the EU Capital Requirements Regulation. At the end of the January-December 2019 review period, Taaleri’s largest single customer risk was 21.2 (22.3) per cent of the Group’s own funds and the liabilities of any (single) customer entity did not exceed the 25 per cent limit set by law.

Capital adequacy of taaleri

Capital adequacy under the Act on the Supervision of Financial and Insurance Conglomerates

Taaleri Group forms a financing and insurance conglomerate, according to the Act on the Supervision of Financial and Insurance Conglomerates (RaVa) (2004/699).

As a RaVa conglomerate, Taaleri Group discloses its own funds and capital adequacy in accordance with the capital adequacy regulations for financial and insurance conglomerates. Taaleri RaVa conglomerate’s own funds amounted to EUR 122.1 (125.1) million, with the minimum requirement being EUR 60.1 (60.3) million. The conglomerate’s capital adequacy is EUR 61.9 (64.8) million and the capital adequacy ratio is 203.0 (207.4) per cent, with the minimum requirement being 100 per cent.

Within the Taaleri Group, the regulatory capital according to Solvency II is determined and reported not only for Garantia Insurance Company Ltd, but also for Taaleri Plc as a part of the RaVa conglomerate. The total solvency capital requirement (SCR) of the parent company Taaleri Plc and the subsidiary Garantia Insurance Company Ltd was EUR 31.5 (29.5) million. The Financial Supervisory Authority confirmed in June 2020 a capital add-on totaling EUR 15.3 (19.8) million. The total solvency requirement was hence EUR 46.8 (49.3) million for the insurance business. The add-on is implemented because the risk profile of Garantia’s non-life underwriting risk module differs from the underlying assumptions in the standard formula for the solvency capital requirement calculation. 

Taaleri’s own funds fully comprise its own unrestricted Tier 1 basic funds and a EUR 15 million Tier 2 bond issued by Taaleri Plc. in October 2019. The loan has a ten-year maturity and a fixed coupon of 5 per cent until 18 October 2024, and thereafter a five-year average interest rate swap (EUR 5-year mid-swap) plus 5.33 percentage points.

Capital adequacy of RaVa conglomerate, EUR thousand 30 June 2020 31 Dec. 2019
Shareholders’ equity of the Taaleri Group 119,152 125,729
Goodwill and other intangible assets -6,877 -6,533
Non-controlling interests 964 182
Planned distribution of profit -4,536 -9,072
Deduction of financing sector’s H1 profit -1,455 -
Tier 2 Capital 14,832 14,825
Conglomerate’s own funds, total 122,077 125,130
Financing business’ requirement for own funds 13,348 11,014
Insurance business’ requirement for own funds 46,790 49,307
Minimum amount of own funds of the Conglomerate total 60,137 60,321
Conglomerate’s capital adequacy 61,939 64,809
Conglomerate’s capital adequacy, ratio 203.0% 207,4%

Capital adequacy according to the Act on Credit Institutions and the EU Capital Requirements Regulation (Basel III)

Within the Taaleri Group, the regulatory capital according to the Act on Credit Institutions (610/2014) and the EU Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) (No 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council) is determined and disclosed to the supervised parties operating in the Financing sector Taaleri applies the standardized approach in the regulatory capital calculation of the credit and operational risk capital requirement.

Taaleri Group’s target level for the own funds of the Financing sector is 1.3 times the internal risk-based capital requirement, calculated on the basis of the pillar 1 minimum capital requirement and additional pillar 2 risk-based capital requirement. 

The Finnish Financial Supervisory Authority has on 4 June 2020 decided to prolong the permission to leave the insurance company holdings undeducted from the common equity Tier 1 capital (CET1) given to Taaleri Plc, pursuant to Article 49 (1) of the EU Capital Requirements Regulation (EU) 575/2013 (CRR), until 25 June 2021. The previous fixed term permit was valid until 31 December 2020 and was granted to Taaleri Plc 31 January 2019. The permission granted by the Finnish Financial Supervision Authority on 31 January 2019 was related to the reform of the capital requirements framework for investment firms that was pending in the European Union at that time and the understanding of the date of application of that new framework. The new framework was originally scheduled to come into effect on 31 December 2020, but the date has since been confirmed to 26 June 2021.

With the permission Garantia’s acquisition expense of EUR 60.4 million can be left undeducted from the consolidated common equity Tier 1 capital of the investment services firm. The impact on the result accumulated by the insurance company investment is not included in the consolidated Common Equity Tier 1 of the investment service company. Equity investments include the Group’s internal insurance company investment of EUR 60.4 million with a risk-weight of 100 per cent. If the CRR 49 permission were not applied and using the alternative calculation method where the insurance company investment are deducted from the Common Equity Tier 1 and including the result of the review period, the consolidated Common Equity Tier 1 of the investment service company would be EUR 18.7 million and equity EUR 33.3 million on 30 June 2020.

Taaleri’s financing sector’s Common Equity Tier 1 with the CRR-49 permission was EUR 72.0 (31 Dec. 2019: 70.9) million and equity EUR 86.8 (85.7) million, without the profit for the period under review. The risk-weighted commitments were EUR 254.3 (242.6) million, of which the share of credit risk was EUR 168.0 (156.4) million and the share of operational risk EUR 86.3 (86.2) million according to the standardized approach. The Financing sector’s capital adequacy ratio was 34.2 (35.3) per cent.

Financing sector’s capital adequacy, EUR thousand        (with the CRR 49 permission) 30 June 2020 31 Dec. 2019
Common Equity Tier 1 before deductions 82,352 81,228
Deductions from the Common Equity Tier 1  
Goodwill and intangible assets -6,530 -6,184
Non-controlling interests 964 182
Unpaid dividend from previous year -4,536 -
Profit of the review period -246 -4,330
Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) 72,004 70,896
Additional Tier 1 before deductions - -
Tier 1 capital (T1 = CET1 + AT1) 72,004 70,896
Tier 2 capital before deductions 14,832 14,825
Deductions from the Tier 2 capital - -
Tier 2 capital (T2) 14,832 14,825
Total capital (TC = T1 + T2) 86,836 85,720
Total risk-weighted commitments (total risk) 254,263 242,584
– of which the share of credit risk 167,976 156,380
   - of which insurance company holdings 60,350 60,350
– of which the share of operational risk 86,287 86,204
– of which the share of other risks - -
Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) in relation to the amount of total risk (%) 28.3% 29.2%
Tier 1 capital (T1) in relation to the amount of total risk (%) 28.3% 29.2%
Total capital (TC) in relation to the amount of total risk (%) 34.2% 35,3%

Solvency according to the Insurance Companies Act (Solvency II)

Garantia continues to have strong capital adequacy. Garantia’s basic own funds at the end of June 2020 were EUR 107.8 (31 Dec. 2019: 112.7) million. The solvency capital requirement including the capital add-on was EUR 46.4 (48.6). Solvency ratio, or the ratio of basic own funds to the solvency capital requirement, including the capital add-on was 232.4 (231.8) per cent.

Garantia’s own funds are formed in full of unrestricted Tier 1 basic own funds. Garantia does not apply the transition arrangements in defining its basic own funds and Garantia’s own funds do not include items classified as ancillary own funds. Garantia does not use the matching adjustment or the volatility adjustment in the calculation of technical provisions. Garantia applies the standard formula for the Solvency Capital Requirement calculation. Garantia does not use the simplified calculation in the standard formula’s risk modules or sub-modules, or company-specific parameters instead of the parameters of the standard formula. Garantia does not apply the transition arrangements of technical provisions or market risk calculations. 

The Financial Supervisory Authority, through a decision made on 29 May 2020, reset the capital add-on imposed on Garantia Insurance Company Ltd. at EUR 15.3 (19.8) million. The new capital add-on has been applied from 30 June 2020 onwards. The main reason behind the reduction of the capital add-on was a change in calculation principles. The Financial Supervisory Authority for the first time utilised Garantia’s own economic capital model while determining the amount of the capital add-on. Garantia’s solvency capital requirement has included a capital add-on since 30 June 2018. The Financial Supervisory Authority reassesses the capital add-on at least annually.

On 23 March 2020, Garantia published its Solvency and Financial Condition Report for 2019. The Financial Supervisory Authority has subsequently informed insurance companies, that it considers the COVID-19 pandemic as a remarkable alteration as decreed by paragraph 2 of Section 8a of the Insurance Companies’ Act, requiring that the effects of the crisis be included in the report. Garantia published an amendment to the Solvency and Financial Condition Report on 13 August 2020. The original report and the amendment are available on the company’s website 

The Solvency II capital adequacy regulations do not fall within the sphere of statutory auditing. 


The Group compliance officer is responsible for the compliance function. The Group’s compliance function consists of the Group compliance officer, compliance & risk managers and a compliance task group, which includes the Group compliance officer and the persons responsible for compliance-related issues in the Group companies.

The tasks of the Group Compliance function are to:

  • monitor compliance with regulations and internal guidelines
  • advise the management team and the Board and other personnel on compliance with regulatory and internal guidelines
  • assist Taaleri Plc’s Board of Directors, the management team and other relevant bodies in regulatory compliance issues and related compliance risk management by keeping heads of businesses aware of the essential changes in regulations and the potential impact on business
  • monitor and regularly evaluate the adequacy and effectiveness of the Group’s measures and procedures to ensure compliance
  • be responsible for management of anti-money laundering and AML training in the Group

Internal Audit

Internal Audit is an assurance function independent of the operational functions of the Taaleri Group companies. The Internal Audit function is set up by the Board of Directors and operates under the authority of the Group CEO. Taaleri Group has outsourced the practical implementation of the Group’s internal audit to an external service provider.

Internal Audit is an independent, objective assurance and consulting activity designed to check the adequacy, effectiveness and efficiency of internal control. Internal Audit supports the Group’s senior and operational management (Board, CEO, line managers) in managing and supervising operations.


The company has one auditor that must be an audit firm defined in the Auditing Act. The auditor is elected at the Annual General Meeting for a term of office which ends at the end of the first Annual General Meeting following the election.

Authorised public accountants Ernst & Young Oy were elected as auditor at Taaleri Plc’s Annual General Meeting held on 18 May 2020. Ulla Nykky APA was elected as the appointed auditor.